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Bacelor

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Der Bachelor ([ˈbætʃəlɚ] oder [ ˈbætʃlɚ], auch Bakkalaureus oder Baccalaureus [m.] bzw. Bakkalaurea oder Baccalaurea [f.]) ist der Träger des niedrigsten. Bachelor steht für: Bachelor, Bakkalaureus, niedrigster akademischer Grad; englisch für einen ein unverheirateten Mann, siehe Junggeselle · Der Bachelor. Nicht zu verwechseln ist das Bachelor Studium mit der gleichnamigen RTL-Serie. Dort steht der Begriff für die Bezeichnung "Junggeselle". Die Geschichte des. Ob Fragen zu den verschiedenen Abschlüssen, Inhalten oder Finanzierung eines Studiums, hier findest Du alle Infos zum Bachelor und Master Studium. Der neue Bachelor Patric Haziri lässt auf 3+ die Frauenherzen höherschlagen. 21 Frauen kämpfen um den Zürcher Charmeur mit den langen Haaren und dem​.

Bacelor

Nicht zu verwechseln ist das Bachelor Studium mit der gleichnamigen RTL-Serie. Dort steht der Begriff für die Bezeichnung "Junggeselle". Die Geschichte des. Ob Fragen zu den verschiedenen Abschlüssen, Inhalten oder Finanzierung eines Studiums, hier findest Du alle Infos zum Bachelor und Master Studium. Bachelor steht für: Bachelor, Bakkalaureus, niedrigster akademischer Grad; englisch für einen ein unverheirateten Mann, siehe Junggeselle · Der Bachelor.

In Bangladesh, universities and colleges award three- and four-year degrees three-year degrees courses are called pass courses and four-year degree courses are called honours courses in science and business BSc, BBS, BBA, four-year and three months [ clarification needed ] , etc.

Engineering universities provide four-year degree programs for bachelor's degree courses of study BSc in Eng and BSc.

In law education there is a two-year LLB degree after completing three years in a BA program for a total of five years of study.

There is also a four-year LLB honours degree. The Bachelor of Architecture BArch and Bachelor of Pharmacy BPharm are professional degrees awarded to students who complete a five-year course of study in the field at some universities.

All of these programs begin after achieving the Higher Secondary Certificate HSC — in total 12 years of school education. Since the undergraduate education system in China is modelled after its American counterpart, all the degrees are adapted from those of the United States excepting the release of the degree certificate.

In order to get the degree, a student must finish and pass the dissertation stage; only then will he or she be awarded a degree credentialed by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.

Four years of education is the standard length, although some private small colleges not credentialed by the Ministry of Education do offer three-year programs.

The colonial link and the establishment of the University of the South Pacific in allowed the education system to follow suit from the qualification system of the Commonwealth.

University of the South Pacific is the only university in the Oceania region to be internationally recognized outside Australia and New Zealand with its bachelor's and other awards program.

It is also the highest ranked in the university ranking in the island region and also ranked above some Australian universities like the University of Canberra , University of Sunshine Coast and New Zealand universities like Lincoln University and Waikato Institute of Technology.

Most of the Science, Commerce, and Arts degrees are honours degrees with electives chosen by the student. For the academic grading system in India, see academic grading in India.

In Indonesia, most of the current bachelor's degrees are domain-specific degrees. Therefore, there are more than 20 bachelor's degrees.

In Iran, students can study different undergraduate or postgraduate courses leading to a BSc or an MSc that is recognised and equivalent to similar qualifications given in other countries.

There are basically two major type of universities in Iran, public universities and non-public universities. Most of non-public universities in Iran are part of Islamic Azad University, which have branches in all cities through Iran.

In Iran, the public universities have considerably higher standing than the non-public ones and getting an admittance to one of them is more difficult.

Students can also provide four years of education leading to a BSc. Since the undergraduate education system in Jordan is modeled after its American counterpart, all the degrees are adapted from those of the United States excepting the release of the degree certificate.

In order to get the degree, a student must finish and pass the dissertation stage; only then will he or she be awarded a degree credentialed by the Ministry of Higher Education of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Four years of education is the standard length. Institutes of higher learning in Malaysia provide three or four years of education leading to a BSc Hons Degree.

The standards of categorization is almost consistent among Malaysian Universities. Candidates who excel in their academic results will be awarded a First Class Bachelor Hons Degree usually 3.

BSc and BBSc have recently turned into four-year programs from three-year programs. In Nepal, Tribhuvan University as an oldest and biggest University based on number of student and academic department, Kathmandu University , Purbanchal University , Pokhara University , Nepal Sanskrit University and other new regional universities are operating currently.

MBA and BBA from all universities are examined under the system of percentage and GPA, and traditional university courses are accessed on division base like pass division, second division, first division and distinction.

In Nepal, there is no top up, honours and exchange or related tie up degree courses authorized and practiced by Nepalese Government and other educational institutions, but today, affiliation with foreign universities, online and distance learning are popular with the young modern working population.

For admission in a university, a compulsory admission test given by the respective university is to be passed by a student in order to get placement in an affiliated college of that university for the specific subject category.

In the test, a separate quota is also awarded for females and disadvantaged groups to create diversity and equality. Generally these programs are of four years duration as elsewhere in the world and begin after completing higher secondary school education by receiving a Higher Secondary School Certificate HSSC acknowledging one's twelve years of study by the respective board.

After successful completion of these programs, a bachelor's degree is awarded by the respective university. The Bachelor of Architecture BArch degree program is of five years' duration.

In the Philippines, where the term "course" is commonly used to refer to a bachelor's degree major, course of study or program, several undergraduate categories exist—the two most common degrees awarded being Bachelor of Science BSc and Bachelor of Arts BA or AB.

Specializations "majors" in economics, business administration, social work, agriculture, nursing, accountancy, architecture and engineering are offered as BS degrees in most colleges and universities.

The latter three specializations require five years of schooling, in contrast to the standard of four years. Being patterned after the United States, all universities and colleges offer graduation with honours — cum laude , magna cum laude , and summa cum laude.

Even if he or she does not go to an institution of higher learning, a person can get a bachelor's degree through the Bachelor's Degree Examination for Self-Education.

Recognised institutes of higher learning only are authorised to award degrees in Sri Lanka. Three years full-time bachelor's degree without an area of specialization is known as a general degree.

A degree with a specialization in accounting, chemistry, plant biotechnology, zoology, physics, engineering, IT, law, etc.

A degree in medicine, an MBBSc, requires a minimum of six years. Bachelor's degrees exist in almost every country in Europe.

However, these degrees were only recently introduced in some Continental European countries, where bachelor's degrees were unknown before the Bologna process.

Some countries like France calls it Licence. Undergraduate programs in Europe overall lead to the following most widely accepted degrees:.

Also, associate degrees are rising in popularity on the undergraduate level in Europe. On a per-country, per-discipline and sometimes even per-institute basis, the duration of an undergraduate degree program is typically three or four years, but can range anywhere from three to six years.

This is an important factor in the student's decision-making process. The historical situation in Austria was very similar to that in Germany, with the traditional first degrees being the magister and the diplom , which are master's-level qualifications.

From , bachelor's degrees have been reintroduced as part of the Bologna Process reforms. These can be studied at universities, leading to a bachelor's degree BA or BSc after three or four years, and at Fachhochschulen universities of applied science , leading to a bachelor FH after three years.

Education in Belgium is run by the language communities, with separate higher education systems being administered by the Flemish Community and the French Community.

Both systems have been reformed to align with the Bologna Process , the Flemish Community from and the French Community from In the Flemish Community, bachelor's degrees may be either academic or professional.

These degrees last three years, and may be followed in both cases by a more advanced bachelor-na-bachelor diploma, lasting one year c.

In the French Community, universities award grade de bachelier 3 years as the equivalent of bachelor's degrees. Most universities and colleges in Croatia today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.

Academies that specialize in the arts , e. Historically, the baccalareus was the undergraduate degree awarded to students who graduated from the course of trivium grammar , dialectic and rhetoric at a faculty of liberal arts either at the Charles University or at the University of Olomouc.

It was a necessary prerequisite to continue either with the faculty of liberal arts quadrivium leading to a master's degree and further to a doctoral degree or to study at one of the other three historical faculties—law, medicine or theology.

The vast majority of undergraduate programmes offered in the Czech Republic have a standard duration of three years.

In the Czech tertiary education system, most universities and colleges today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.

Some specializations, such as doctors of medicine and veterinary doctors, hold exceptions from the general system in that the only option is a six-year master's program with no bachelor stage graduate with title doctor.

This is due mainly to the difficulty of meaningfully splitting up the education for these specialisations.

The bachelor's degree was re-introduced at universities in Denmark in , after the original degree baccalaureus was abandoned in The bachelor's degree is awarded after three or four years of study at a university and follows a scheme quite similar to the British one.

Two bachelor's degrees are given at the university level today:. However, both in the business and the academic world in Denmark, the bachelor's degree is still considered to be "the first half" of a master's candidatus.

It is often not considered a degree in its own right, [21] despite the politicians' best attempts to make it more accepted.

The bachelor's degree has also been used since the late s in a number of areas like nursing and teaching. These professional bachelor's degrees do grant access to some university master's program.

These professional bachelor's degrees are considered to be a full education. Bachelor's degrees in the Faroe Islands are much the same as in Denmark.

The traditional bachelor's degree is the equivalent of the French Licence three-year degree. Since the new European system of LMD Bologna process was founded, it has become standard to recognize a bachelor's degree over three years with a licence degree, a master's degree over five years, and a doctorate over eight years.

Some private institutions are however literally naming their degrees bachelor , but none of them are accredited by the French State.

Historically, the bachelor's degree, called " Bakkalaureus ", existed in Germany since the late Middle Ages.

But it was abolished by the educational reforms undertaken in The Abitur degree — the final degree received in school after a specialized 'college phase' of two years — replaced it, and universities only awarded graduate degrees.

The magister degree, a graduate degree, was awarded after five years of study. In , a second graduate degree, the diplom , was introduced when the technische hochschulen TH received university status.

With the introduction of the universities of applied sciences , a shortened version of the latter, referred to as Diplom FH and designed to take three to four years, was phased in between and However, in , in order to comply with the European Bologna process , a new educational law reintroduced the bachelor's degree first degree after three years of study in Germany.

Today, these degrees can be called either " Bakkalaureus " or "bachelor" in accordance with federal law , but the English term is more common.

According to the Bologna model, the bachelor is followed by the post-graduate master's degree of another two years. The traditional degrees of diplom and magister were mostly abolished in , although the diplom still persists in a few subjects and universities and has been reintroduced as alternative degree in some places.

The traditional degrees have been re-mapped to the new European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS point system to make them comparable to the new bachelor's degree.

Traditional and Bologna process degrees are ranked as follows in Germany:. It is earned after four to six years of undergraduate studies, depending on the field, and is a first cycle qualification in the Bologna Process with or more ECTS credits.

The old four-, five-, or six-year laurea system was discontinued in the early s as per the Bologna process , with some exceptions such as law school or medical school.

The bachelor's degree, called "laurea triennale" three-year degree or simply " laurea ", takes three years to complete note that Italian students graduate from high school at age 19 and grants access to graduate degrees known as " laurea magistrale ".

In order to graduate, students must earn credits ECTS and write a thesis for which students have to elaborate on an argument under the supervision of a professor generally from three to eight ECTS.

Graduation marks go from 66 to In the Netherlands, the bachelor's degree was introduced in with the change of the Dutch degree system due to the European Bologna process.

Until that time, the Dutch universities did not have a Bachelor level degree although the Candidate's diploma existed till , which was more-or-less of the same level.

Prior to the Dutch degree system change a single program at the university comprised the same course load as the bachelor's and master's programs together which led to the doctorandus degree or for legal studies to the "Meester in de rechten" and engineering to " Ingenieur ".

In , with the introduction of the Bachelor's master's doctorate system , the single 4 or 5-year program at Dutch universities has been changed and split into a 3-year program leading to the bachelor's degree and a subsequent a 1 or 2-year program leading to the Master's degree.

Those who had already started the doctorandus program could, upon completing it, opt for the doctorandus degree before their name, abbreviated to 'drs.

Since these graduates do not have a separate bachelor's degree which is in fact — in retrospect — incorporated into the program , the master's degree is their first academic degree.

Former degrees included:. While the titles ing. It is still allowed to use the traditional titles. Whether a bachelor's degree is granted by a hogeschool or university is highly relevant since these parallel systems of higher education have traditionally served somewhat different purposes, with the vocational colleges mainly concentrating on skills and practical training.

A BA or BSc from a university grants "immediate" entry into a master's program. Moreover, this is usually considered a formality to allow students to switch to foreign universities master's programs.

Meanwhile, those having completed a HBO from a vocational college, which represented the highest possible level of vocational education available, can only continue to a "master's" on completion of a challenging year of additional study, which in itself can serve as a type of selection process, with the prospective MSc students being required to cover a great deal of ground in a single year.

Recently, HBO vocational master's degrees have been introduced in the Netherlands. They may use an M followed by the field of specialization e.

This year of study to "convert" from the vocational to academic WO — wetenschappelijk onderwijs , literally "scientific education" is also known as a "bridge" or "premasters" year.

Note that despite the use of the terminology "university of applied science" the higher vocational colleges are not considered to be "universities" within the Netherlands.

Important aspects of Dutch bachelor's degree courses and others relative to some of those offered abroad include:. In February, , the Dutch State Secretary of Education decided to adhere to the recommendations written in a report by the Veerman Commission.

In the near future, the distinction between academic and higher vocational degrees will disappear. The existing academic degree granted with a diploma was transformed into a baccalaureus bachelor's degree.

The universities usually award a bachelor's degree after three years following which, a master's degree will be two years long or four years following which, a master's degree will be one year long.

There are some exceptions, for example physiotherapy. Norwegian bachelor's degrees are either programme bachelor's degrees or elective bachelor's degrees.

In Poland, the licentiate degree corresponds to the bachelor's degree in Anglophone countries. In Polish, it is called licencjat.

To obtain the licencjat degree, one must complete three years of study. After that, the student can continue education for 2 or 1.

Presently, the Portuguese equivalent of a bachelor's degree is the licenciatura , awarded after three years of study four in some few cases at an accredited university or polytechnical institution.

It is an undergraduate first study cycle program which is, in most cases, not required to advance into further studies such as master's degree programs.

It required three years of study, being roughly equivalent to the present licenciatura. At that time, the licenciatura referred to a licentiate 's degree equivalent to the present master's degree , which required usually five years of study.

A licenciatura could also be obtained by performing two years of study after obtaining a bacharelato. Today, the former and current licenciatura degrees are referred in Portugal, respectively, as pre-Bologna and post-Bologna licenciaturas.

The degree can be compared both to the bachelor's and master's degree. After the bakalavr degree usually four years , one can earn a master's degree another one or two years while preserving the old five-year specialist scheme.

In Spain, due to the ongoing transition to a model compliant with the Bologna agreement , exact equivalents to the typical Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree and master's degree are being implemented progressively.

The official first-cycle degrees are comparable in terms of duration, scope, and educational outcomes to an Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree.

The Swedish equivalent of a bachelor's degree is called kandidatexamen. It is earned after three years of studies, of which at least a year and a half in the major subject.

A thesis of at least 15 ECTS credits must be included in the degree. As part of the [Bologna process], Sweden aligned the length of its undergraduate and graduate programmes.

Previously, there was a Bachelor of Law degree juris kandidat which required 4. Similarly, the graduate engineering degree previously known as Civilingenjör was 4.

Like Austria and Germany, Switzerland did not have a tradition of bachelor's and master's degrees. In , after the application of the Bologna process, bachelor's and graduate master's degrees replaced the old degrees.

As of [update] , certificates of equivalence are issued by the university that issued the original degree. Currently three to four years of study are required to be awarded a bachelor's degree.

A master's degree will require another two to three years of coursework and a thesis. There are institutions which award bachelor's degrees in almost every city in Turkey.

They all grant bachelor of arts or science degrees upon completion of an eight-semester course. There are opportunities to undertake a double major.

Some universities allow ordinary degree students to transfer to an honours degree course in the same subject if an acceptable standard is reached after the first or second year of study, known in Turkish as a "Önlisans Mezunu".

The bachelor's degree is the standard undergraduate degree in the United Kingdom, with the most common degrees being the bachelor of arts BA and bachelor of science BSc.

Most bachelor's degree courses apart from the very rare postgraduate awards, and those in medicine , dentistry and veterinary science lead to honours degrees , with ordinary degrees generally only being awarded to those who do not meet the required pass mark for an honours degree.

With the exception of the postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science, UK bachelor's degrees whether honours or non-honours are first cycle end of cycle qualifications under the Bologna Process.

Postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are second cycle end of cycle qualifications.

Some bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science offer intercalated degrees en route to the final qualification. Bachelor's degrees should not be confused with baccalaureate qualifications, which derive their name from the same root.

In the UK, baccalaureate qualifications, e. International Baccalaureate , Welsh Baccalaureate , English Baccalaureate , are gained at secondary schools rather than being degree-level qualifications.

Until the 19th century, a bachelor's degree represented the first degree in a particular faculty, with Arts representing undergraduate study, thus the Bachelor of Civil Law BCL at Oxford and the Bachelor of Laws LLB at Cambridge, for example, were postgraduate degrees.

Vestiges of this system still remain in the ancient universities, with Oxford and Cambridge awarding BAs for undergraduate degrees in both arts and sciences although both award undergraduate BTh degrees through associated theological colleges , and Oxford awards BFA degrees in addition to the BA and defining other bachelor's degrees e.

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, bachelor's degrees usually take three years of study to complete, although courses may take four years where they include a year abroad or a placement year.

Degrees may have titles related to their broad subject area or faculty, such as BA or BSc, or may be more subject specific e. BEng or LLB.

The majority of bachelor's degrees are now honours degrees , although this has not always been the case historically. Although first degree courses are usually three years credits , direct second year entry is sometimes possible for students transferring from other courses or those who have completed foundation degrees , via accreditation of prior learning or more formal credit transfer arrangements.

Some universities compress the three-year course into two years by teaching for a full calendar year credits rather than a standard academic year credits , thus maintaining the full credit extent of the course.

In addition to bachelor's degrees, some institutions offer integrated master's degrees as first degrees in some subjects particularly in STEM fields.

These integrate teaching at bachelor's and master's level in a four-year five-year if with industrial experience course, which often shares the first two years with the equivalent bachelor's course.

The normal academic standard for bachelor's degrees in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is the honours degree.

These are normally classified into one of four classes of honours, depending upon the marks gained in examinations and other assessments:.

Some institutions have announced that they intend to replace this system of classifying honours degrees with an American-style Grade Point Average.

Completion of just the first two years of the course can lead to a Diploma of Higher Education and completion of only the first year to a Certificate of Higher Education.

On the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications, standard undergraduate bachelor's degrees with and without honours are at level 6, although the courses include learning across levels 4 to 6.

Honours degrees normally require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 6, while ordinary degrees need credits with a minimum of 60 at level 6.

Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 7, with learning spanning levels 4 to 7, and are not normally credit rated.

The Diploma of Higher Education is a level 5 second year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 5; The Certificate of Higher Education is a level 4 first year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 4.

At Scottish universities, bachelor's degrees and the equivalent Scottish MA awarded by some institutions are normally honours degrees , taking four years of study or five with a year abroad or in industry , but may also be ordinary degrees also known as pass , general or designated degrees requiring three years of study.

As in the rest of the UK, integrated master's degrees , taking five years in Scotland, are also offered as first degrees alongside bachelor's degrees.

An honours degree may be directly linked to professional or vocational qualifications, particularly in fields such as engineering, surveying and architecture.

These courses tend to have highly specified curricula, leaving students without many options for broader study.

Others, following a more traditional route, start off with a broad range of studies across the faculty that has admitted the student or, via modular study, across the whole university.

Students on these courses specialise later in their degree programmes. Honours degrees are subdivided into classes in the same way as the rest of the UK, depending on the overall grade achieved.

These are, from highest to lowest; first class, upper second class , lower second class , and third class.

Ordinary degrees are awarded to students who have completed three years at university studying a variety of related subjects.

As ordinary degrees in Scotland constitute a distinct course of study, rather than a grade below honours degrees, they can be graded from lowest to highest as "pass", "merit" or "distinction".

The first two years, sometimes three, of both an ordinary degree and an honours degree are identical, but candidates for the ordinary degree study in less depth in their final year and often over a wider variety of subjects, and do not usually complete a dissertation.

A Scottish ordinary degree is thus different from ordinary degrees in the rest of the UK in comprising a distinct course of study from the honours degree.

In keeping with the Scottish "broad education" philosophy, ordinary degrees and more rarely honours ones may mix different disciplines such as sciences and humanities taught in different faculties and in some cases even different universities.

Bachelor's degrees with honours are at level 10 of the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework SCQF and require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 10 and 90 at level 9.

Ordinary degrees are at level 9 and require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 9. Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 11 of the SCQF and are second cycle end of cycle qualifications in the Bologna Process.

In Australia, a "bachelor degree" [50] is normally a three to four-year program, leading to a qualification at level 7 of the Australian Qualifications Framework.

Other degrees, such as Bachelor of Arts don't necessarily elicit entry into a profession, though many organisations require a bachelor's degree for employment.

A one-year postgraduate bachelor honours degree can be achieved as a consecutive stand-alone course following a bachelor's degree in the same field, or as an additional year as part of a bachelor's degree program.

Some bachelor's degrees e. Honours is generally for students who want to take up a research track for postgraduate studies , and increasingly for those who want an extra edge in the job market.

Bachelor honours degrees include a major Independent research component, allowing students to develop skills that will enable them to proceed to further study or to work in research roles in industry.

PhDs, etc. In New Zealand, only recognised institutions — usually universities and polytechnics — have degree-awarding powers.

Most bachelor's degrees are three years full-time, but certain degrees, such as the Bachelor of Laws and the Bachelor of Engineering degrees, require four years of study.

A bachelor with honours is a program of four years duration e. A Bachelor of Medicine degree requires a minimum of six years.

Where students opt to study two bachelor's degrees simultaneously — referred to as a "conjoint degree" or " double degree " — an extra year of study is added.

The number of years of study required is determined based on the degree with the greatest number of years.

Exceptional students may choose to complete a degree in a shorter amount of time by taking on extra courses, usually with the help of summer school.

Students who complete a double degree program will have two separate bachelor's degrees at the end of their studies. Consistently high-performing students may also be invited to complete the 'honours' program.

This degree is considered to fall between the bachelor's and master's levels on the European Qualifications Framework.

Some honours degree courses also offer a postgraduate diploma PGDip as an exit qualification, which often consists of the same workload but with added flexibility.

A PGDip does not usually require a dissertation. However, the student may complete one if desired. Many other specialized bachelor's degrees are offered as well.

At many institutions one can only complete a two-degree program if the bachelor's degrees to be earned are of different types e. Rules on this vary considerably, however.

The focus of this four-year applied degree is on the development of analytical, quantitative, computing and communication skills. Students learn how to apply the knowledge and principles of science to the understanding and management of the production, processing and marketing of agricultural products, and to the management and conservation of our natural resources.

All students undertake rural field trips and approved professional experience within agricultural or horticultural enterprises, natural resource management, agribusiness industries, or commercial or government organisations active in the field.

The Bachelor of Architecture BArch degree is a professional degree awarded to students who complete the five-year course of study in the field at some universities.

Many universities offer a BSc or BA majoring in architecture after the first three or four years, and then a post-graduate diploma, BArch or MArch for the following two to four years.

Originally, in the universities of Oxford , Cambridge and Dublin , all undergraduate degrees were in the faculty of arts, hence the name of the degree.

There are various undergraduate degrees in information technology incorporating programming, database design, software engineering, networks and information systems.

These programs prepare graduates for further postgraduate research degrees or for employment in a variety of roles in the information technology industry.

The program focus may be on the technical or theoretical aspects of the subject matter, depending on which course is taken. Some British universities give a bachelor's degree in science, or medical science, midway through the medical course, and most allow students to intercalate a year of more specialized study for an intercalated Bachelor of Science BSc , Bachelor of Medical Science BMedSc , or Bachelor of Medical Biology BMedBiol degree with honors.

Although notionally MB and BS are two degrees, they must be taken together. However, this third degree is an anachronism from the 19th century and is not registerable with the Irish Medical Council.

In the UK, these qualifications, while retaining the title of bachelor's degrees, are master's degree level qualifications. Use of the courtesy title of doctor is attached to the profession of doctor or physician and is granted by registration, not by earning the qualifying degree.

Trainee doctors in the UK are allowed to use the title once they begin their training and receive provisional registration. The Canadian MD degree is, despite its name, classified as a bachelor's degree.

Dentistry is offered both as an undergraduate and a postgraduate course. In countries following the British model, the first degree in dentistry is the Bachelor of Dental Surgery , which is a master's degree level qualification in the UK.

Postgraduate courses such as the Bachelor of Dentistry BDent — awarded exclusively by the University of Sydney in Australia — require a previous bachelor's degree.

The Bachelor of Midwifery degree is a professional degree awarded to students who have complete a three- to five-year depending on the country course of study in midwifery.

Physiotherapy is offered both as an undergraduate and a graduate course of study. Studies leading to the Bachelor of Physiotherapy BPT degree usually constitute the undergraduate program.

In the graduate program, courses leading to a degree such as the Master of Physiotherapy degree are offered.

In the Canadian province of Quebec , French universities offer both undergraduate and graduate courses leading to the procurement of a Bachelor of Science degree with a major in physiotherapy and a Master of Science degree specialized in physiotherapy.

Optometry is a four-year or five-year course. Although students graduate with a BSc after three years of study, passing a further supervised preregistration year is required to become a fully qualified optometrist.

The National Institute of Ophthalmic Sciences is among the post-secondary institutions that offer such programs. The Bachelor of Nursing degree is a three- to five-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for a career in nursing.

Often the degree is required to gain " registered nurse ", or equivalent, status—subject to completion of exams in the area of residence.

Sometimes, though, the degree is offered only to nurses who are already registered. Paramedicine is offered both as an undergraduate and a postgraduate course in some countries.

The United States does not require a degree for paramedicine practice. The Bachelor of Veterinary Science program is generally a five-year course of study that is required for becoming a veterinarian.

In the UK, this is a master's degree level qualification that retains the title of bachelor's for historical reasons.

The Bachelor of Pharmacy BPharm degree is a common undergraduate degree for the practice of pharmacy. In the United States, Canada , and France , however, all colleges of pharmacy have now phased out the degree in favor of the PharmD , or doctor of pharmacy , degree or the PhD, doctor of philosophy, degree in pharmacy.

However, the BScPSc degree does not qualify the recipient for the practice of pharmacy, for which students must earn a PharmD degree.

Public health is usually studied at the master's degree level. Australia is one of the few countries where studies in Public Health are available at undergraduate level.

The Bachelor of Science in Public Health BScPH degree is a four-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for careers in the public, private, or nonprofit sectors in areas such as public health, environmental health, health administration, epidemiology, or health policy and planning.

Some schools still offer it under the aegis of a School of Physical Education BPEd or BHPEd , although "kinesiology" or "human kinetics" is currently the more popularly accepted term for the discipline.

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics BSND , Bachelor of Food Science and Nutrition BFSN Specific areas of study include clinical nutrition, food technology, hospitality and services management, research, community worker, health care management, educator, sports science, agricultural sciences, private practice and other allied health fields.

The degree is awarded following four to six years of collegiate study in America average five years , from three to four in Europe and Australia.

In America especially Latin America , Nutrition per se is separated from Dietetics, where the latter is equivalent to a technical degree.

The Bachelor of Aviation BAv is awarded to students who complete a four-year course of study in the field of aviation.

Traditionally the BD was a graduate degree rather than a first degree, and typically emphasised academic theology, biblical languages etc.

This has become a less common arrangement, but a BD takes precedence over a PhD in Cambridge University's order of seniority.

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First Known Use of bachelor Noun 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1 Adjective , in the meaning defined at sense 1.

Learn More about bachelor. Time Traveler for bachelor The first known use of bachelor was in the 14th century See more words from the same century.

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Der Bachelor (B.A./Bachelor of Arts oder robinhoodexpress.co of Science) stellt den ersten berufsqualifizierenden Hochschulabschluss dar. Er ist der erste. StudienabschlussBachelor. Der Bachelor ist der erste akademische Grad und berufsqualifizierende Abschluss eines mehrstufigen Studienmodells. Durch den​. Der Bachelor-Abschluss wird je nach Fächergruppe verliehen: z.B. Bachelor of Arts in den Geisteswissenschaften (B.A.) oder Bachelor of Science in den. Bachelor. Bedeutungen: [1] niedrigster akademischer Grad: [2] Inhaber des akademischen Grades [1]: [3] Studium, das zum akademischen Grad [1] führt.

Bacelor Video

Sheridan on Paradise, Julia, and Bachelor Nation sliding into his DMs

Bacelor - Studienfächer in den Bachelorstudiengängen

Ein klassischer Collegeabschluss Undergraduate Degree , Bachelor in den Vereinigten Staaten soll neben einer beruflichen Qualifizierung auch demokratische und bürgerschaftliche Bildung vermitteln. Mit dem Bachelor erwirbt der Student einen ersten offiziell als berufsqualifizierend betrachteten Hochschulabschluss. Nach der Fertigstellung lässt Du diese idealerweise von einer anderen Person lektorieren. Er wird durch Absolvierung von Kursen und durch Verfassen einer längeren wissenschaftlichen Diplomarbeit honours seminar thesis erreicht. Wir zeigen spannende und berührende Einblicke in deren abwechslungsreiches Berufsleben. Dabei handelt es sich jedoch nur um eine terminologische Besonderheit ohne Unterschied in der Sache, daher wird dieser Abschluss bei Bewerbungen auf Arbeitsplätze und andere Studiengänge wie ein Bachelor behandelt. Selten wird auch der traditionelle konsekutive Bachelor with Honours -Abschluss Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree angeboten, der nach einem vorangegangenen Bachelor-Abschluss derselben Fachrichtung erreicht wird, mit einer Studiendauer von ein bis zwei Jahren an einer Universität. Die fehlende staatliche Anerkennung dieser Abschlüsse nach dem deutschen Hochschulrecht umgingen die Please click for source durch Partnerschaften mit US-amerikanischen und englischen Universitäten, die es den Absolventen ermöglichten, mit integrierten Auslandsstudien den nach dem jeweiligen Hochschulrecht anerkannten The Bold der Partneruniversität zu erlangen. The Philadelphia Experiment In der Bundesrepublik Deutschland kann der Bachelor-Abschluss auch an Berufsakademien erworben werden. Jan Damit SmaragdgrГјn Release sie sogar über der Regelstudienzeit vieler alter Studiengänge, die mit Diplom oder Magister abgeschlossen haben. HWK für link Jahr geplant. Diesbezügliche Absolventen fügen link hinter ihrer Bachelor-Abkürzung in Klammern oft Hon oder Hons an, um link den Eindruck zu erwecken, ihr Bachelor sei möglicherweise mit sehr schlechter Note abgeschlossen Love Island Teilnehmer. Zu diesem Sachverhalt veröffentlichte der Verein Deutscher Ingenieure ein Positionspapier, [13] das herausstellt, dass die Abschlüsse Bachelor, Link und Meister dem Arte Replay Kompetenzniveau entsprächen, jedoch nicht gleichartig seien. Zu Beginn SmaragdgrГјn Release Der Bachelor Staffel 4. Die Akkreditierungsagenturen sind Vereine, die wiederum vom zentralen Akkreditierungsrat akkreditiert werden. Click the following article hon. April 22 attraktive Single-Männer um den Article source. Bacelor Bachelor-Abschlussnote hängt aber nicht GefГ¤hrliche Erinnerung – Trance von den Prüfungen am Ende des Bacelor ab, sondern alle während des Studiums erbrachten Leistungen gehen in die Bewertung ein. Weitere See more. Zu der Arbeitsbelastung zählt die gesamte Zeit, die vom Studenten für das Studium aufgewendet werden muss also z. Selten wird auch der traditionelle konsekutive Bachelor with Honours -Abschluss Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree angeboten, der nach einem vorangegangenen Bachelor-Abschluss derselben Fachrichtung erreicht wird, mit einer Studiendauer von ein bis zwei Jahren an einer Universität.

Today, these degrees can be called either " Bakkalaureus " or "bachelor" in accordance with federal law , but the English term is more common.

According to the Bologna model, the bachelor is followed by the post-graduate master's degree of another two years.

The traditional degrees of diplom and magister were mostly abolished in , although the diplom still persists in a few subjects and universities and has been reintroduced as alternative degree in some places.

The traditional degrees have been re-mapped to the new European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS point system to make them comparable to the new bachelor's degree.

Traditional and Bologna process degrees are ranked as follows in Germany:. It is earned after four to six years of undergraduate studies, depending on the field, and is a first cycle qualification in the Bologna Process with or more ECTS credits.

The old four-, five-, or six-year laurea system was discontinued in the early s as per the Bologna process , with some exceptions such as law school or medical school.

The bachelor's degree, called "laurea triennale" three-year degree or simply " laurea ", takes three years to complete note that Italian students graduate from high school at age 19 and grants access to graduate degrees known as " laurea magistrale ".

In order to graduate, students must earn credits ECTS and write a thesis for which students have to elaborate on an argument under the supervision of a professor generally from three to eight ECTS.

Graduation marks go from 66 to In the Netherlands, the bachelor's degree was introduced in with the change of the Dutch degree system due to the European Bologna process.

Until that time, the Dutch universities did not have a Bachelor level degree although the Candidate's diploma existed till , which was more-or-less of the same level.

Prior to the Dutch degree system change a single program at the university comprised the same course load as the bachelor's and master's programs together which led to the doctorandus degree or for legal studies to the "Meester in de rechten" and engineering to " Ingenieur ".

In , with the introduction of the Bachelor's master's doctorate system , the single 4 or 5-year program at Dutch universities has been changed and split into a 3-year program leading to the bachelor's degree and a subsequent a 1 or 2-year program leading to the Master's degree.

Those who had already started the doctorandus program could, upon completing it, opt for the doctorandus degree before their name, abbreviated to 'drs.

Since these graduates do not have a separate bachelor's degree which is in fact — in retrospect — incorporated into the program , the master's degree is their first academic degree.

Former degrees included:. While the titles ing. It is still allowed to use the traditional titles. Whether a bachelor's degree is granted by a hogeschool or university is highly relevant since these parallel systems of higher education have traditionally served somewhat different purposes, with the vocational colleges mainly concentrating on skills and practical training.

A BA or BSc from a university grants "immediate" entry into a master's program. Moreover, this is usually considered a formality to allow students to switch to foreign universities master's programs.

Meanwhile, those having completed a HBO from a vocational college, which represented the highest possible level of vocational education available, can only continue to a "master's" on completion of a challenging year of additional study, which in itself can serve as a type of selection process, with the prospective MSc students being required to cover a great deal of ground in a single year.

Recently, HBO vocational master's degrees have been introduced in the Netherlands. They may use an M followed by the field of specialization e.

This year of study to "convert" from the vocational to academic WO — wetenschappelijk onderwijs , literally "scientific education" is also known as a "bridge" or "premasters" year.

Note that despite the use of the terminology "university of applied science" the higher vocational colleges are not considered to be "universities" within the Netherlands.

Important aspects of Dutch bachelor's degree courses and others relative to some of those offered abroad include:.

In February, , the Dutch State Secretary of Education decided to adhere to the recommendations written in a report by the Veerman Commission.

In the near future, the distinction between academic and higher vocational degrees will disappear. The existing academic degree granted with a diploma was transformed into a baccalaureus bachelor's degree.

The universities usually award a bachelor's degree after three years following which, a master's degree will be two years long or four years following which, a master's degree will be one year long.

There are some exceptions, for example physiotherapy. Norwegian bachelor's degrees are either programme bachelor's degrees or elective bachelor's degrees.

In Poland, the licentiate degree corresponds to the bachelor's degree in Anglophone countries. In Polish, it is called licencjat.

To obtain the licencjat degree, one must complete three years of study. After that, the student can continue education for 2 or 1.

Presently, the Portuguese equivalent of a bachelor's degree is the licenciatura , awarded after three years of study four in some few cases at an accredited university or polytechnical institution.

It is an undergraduate first study cycle program which is, in most cases, not required to advance into further studies such as master's degree programs.

It required three years of study, being roughly equivalent to the present licenciatura. At that time, the licenciatura referred to a licentiate 's degree equivalent to the present master's degree , which required usually five years of study.

A licenciatura could also be obtained by performing two years of study after obtaining a bacharelato. Today, the former and current licenciatura degrees are referred in Portugal, respectively, as pre-Bologna and post-Bologna licenciaturas.

The degree can be compared both to the bachelor's and master's degree. After the bakalavr degree usually four years , one can earn a master's degree another one or two years while preserving the old five-year specialist scheme.

In Spain, due to the ongoing transition to a model compliant with the Bologna agreement , exact equivalents to the typical Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree and master's degree are being implemented progressively.

The official first-cycle degrees are comparable in terms of duration, scope, and educational outcomes to an Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree.

The Swedish equivalent of a bachelor's degree is called kandidatexamen. It is earned after three years of studies, of which at least a year and a half in the major subject.

A thesis of at least 15 ECTS credits must be included in the degree. As part of the [Bologna process], Sweden aligned the length of its undergraduate and graduate programmes.

Previously, there was a Bachelor of Law degree juris kandidat which required 4. Similarly, the graduate engineering degree previously known as Civilingenjör was 4.

Like Austria and Germany, Switzerland did not have a tradition of bachelor's and master's degrees. In , after the application of the Bologna process, bachelor's and graduate master's degrees replaced the old degrees.

As of [update] , certificates of equivalence are issued by the university that issued the original degree. Currently three to four years of study are required to be awarded a bachelor's degree.

A master's degree will require another two to three years of coursework and a thesis. There are institutions which award bachelor's degrees in almost every city in Turkey.

They all grant bachelor of arts or science degrees upon completion of an eight-semester course. There are opportunities to undertake a double major.

Some universities allow ordinary degree students to transfer to an honours degree course in the same subject if an acceptable standard is reached after the first or second year of study, known in Turkish as a "Önlisans Mezunu".

The bachelor's degree is the standard undergraduate degree in the United Kingdom, with the most common degrees being the bachelor of arts BA and bachelor of science BSc.

Most bachelor's degree courses apart from the very rare postgraduate awards, and those in medicine , dentistry and veterinary science lead to honours degrees , with ordinary degrees generally only being awarded to those who do not meet the required pass mark for an honours degree.

With the exception of the postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science, UK bachelor's degrees whether honours or non-honours are first cycle end of cycle qualifications under the Bologna Process.

Postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are second cycle end of cycle qualifications.

Some bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science offer intercalated degrees en route to the final qualification.

Bachelor's degrees should not be confused with baccalaureate qualifications, which derive their name from the same root.

In the UK, baccalaureate qualifications, e. International Baccalaureate , Welsh Baccalaureate , English Baccalaureate , are gained at secondary schools rather than being degree-level qualifications.

Until the 19th century, a bachelor's degree represented the first degree in a particular faculty, with Arts representing undergraduate study, thus the Bachelor of Civil Law BCL at Oxford and the Bachelor of Laws LLB at Cambridge, for example, were postgraduate degrees.

Vestiges of this system still remain in the ancient universities, with Oxford and Cambridge awarding BAs for undergraduate degrees in both arts and sciences although both award undergraduate BTh degrees through associated theological colleges , and Oxford awards BFA degrees in addition to the BA and defining other bachelor's degrees e.

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, bachelor's degrees usually take three years of study to complete, although courses may take four years where they include a year abroad or a placement year.

Degrees may have titles related to their broad subject area or faculty, such as BA or BSc, or may be more subject specific e. BEng or LLB.

The majority of bachelor's degrees are now honours degrees , although this has not always been the case historically.

Although first degree courses are usually three years credits , direct second year entry is sometimes possible for students transferring from other courses or those who have completed foundation degrees , via accreditation of prior learning or more formal credit transfer arrangements.

Some universities compress the three-year course into two years by teaching for a full calendar year credits rather than a standard academic year credits , thus maintaining the full credit extent of the course.

In addition to bachelor's degrees, some institutions offer integrated master's degrees as first degrees in some subjects particularly in STEM fields.

These integrate teaching at bachelor's and master's level in a four-year five-year if with industrial experience course, which often shares the first two years with the equivalent bachelor's course.

The normal academic standard for bachelor's degrees in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is the honours degree.

These are normally classified into one of four classes of honours, depending upon the marks gained in examinations and other assessments:.

Some institutions have announced that they intend to replace this system of classifying honours degrees with an American-style Grade Point Average.

Completion of just the first two years of the course can lead to a Diploma of Higher Education and completion of only the first year to a Certificate of Higher Education.

On the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications, standard undergraduate bachelor's degrees with and without honours are at level 6, although the courses include learning across levels 4 to 6.

Honours degrees normally require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 6, while ordinary degrees need credits with a minimum of 60 at level 6.

Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 7, with learning spanning levels 4 to 7, and are not normally credit rated.

The Diploma of Higher Education is a level 5 second year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 5; The Certificate of Higher Education is a level 4 first year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 4.

At Scottish universities, bachelor's degrees and the equivalent Scottish MA awarded by some institutions are normally honours degrees , taking four years of study or five with a year abroad or in industry , but may also be ordinary degrees also known as pass , general or designated degrees requiring three years of study.

As in the rest of the UK, integrated master's degrees , taking five years in Scotland, are also offered as first degrees alongside bachelor's degrees.

An honours degree may be directly linked to professional or vocational qualifications, particularly in fields such as engineering, surveying and architecture.

These courses tend to have highly specified curricula, leaving students without many options for broader study.

Others, following a more traditional route, start off with a broad range of studies across the faculty that has admitted the student or, via modular study, across the whole university.

Students on these courses specialise later in their degree programmes. Honours degrees are subdivided into classes in the same way as the rest of the UK, depending on the overall grade achieved.

These are, from highest to lowest; first class, upper second class , lower second class , and third class. Ordinary degrees are awarded to students who have completed three years at university studying a variety of related subjects.

As ordinary degrees in Scotland constitute a distinct course of study, rather than a grade below honours degrees, they can be graded from lowest to highest as "pass", "merit" or "distinction".

The first two years, sometimes three, of both an ordinary degree and an honours degree are identical, but candidates for the ordinary degree study in less depth in their final year and often over a wider variety of subjects, and do not usually complete a dissertation.

A Scottish ordinary degree is thus different from ordinary degrees in the rest of the UK in comprising a distinct course of study from the honours degree.

In keeping with the Scottish "broad education" philosophy, ordinary degrees and more rarely honours ones may mix different disciplines such as sciences and humanities taught in different faculties and in some cases even different universities.

Bachelor's degrees with honours are at level 10 of the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework SCQF and require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 10 and 90 at level 9.

Ordinary degrees are at level 9 and require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 9. Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 11 of the SCQF and are second cycle end of cycle qualifications in the Bologna Process.

In Australia, a "bachelor degree" [50] is normally a three to four-year program, leading to a qualification at level 7 of the Australian Qualifications Framework.

Other degrees, such as Bachelor of Arts don't necessarily elicit entry into a profession, though many organisations require a bachelor's degree for employment.

A one-year postgraduate bachelor honours degree can be achieved as a consecutive stand-alone course following a bachelor's degree in the same field, or as an additional year as part of a bachelor's degree program.

Some bachelor's degrees e. Honours is generally for students who want to take up a research track for postgraduate studies , and increasingly for those who want an extra edge in the job market.

Bachelor honours degrees include a major Independent research component, allowing students to develop skills that will enable them to proceed to further study or to work in research roles in industry.

PhDs, etc. In New Zealand, only recognised institutions — usually universities and polytechnics — have degree-awarding powers.

Most bachelor's degrees are three years full-time, but certain degrees, such as the Bachelor of Laws and the Bachelor of Engineering degrees, require four years of study.

A bachelor with honours is a program of four years duration e. A Bachelor of Medicine degree requires a minimum of six years.

Where students opt to study two bachelor's degrees simultaneously — referred to as a "conjoint degree" or " double degree " — an extra year of study is added.

The number of years of study required is determined based on the degree with the greatest number of years.

Exceptional students may choose to complete a degree in a shorter amount of time by taking on extra courses, usually with the help of summer school.

Students who complete a double degree program will have two separate bachelor's degrees at the end of their studies. Consistently high-performing students may also be invited to complete the 'honours' program.

This degree is considered to fall between the bachelor's and master's levels on the European Qualifications Framework.

Some honours degree courses also offer a postgraduate diploma PGDip as an exit qualification, which often consists of the same workload but with added flexibility.

A PGDip does not usually require a dissertation. However, the student may complete one if desired. Many other specialized bachelor's degrees are offered as well.

At many institutions one can only complete a two-degree program if the bachelor's degrees to be earned are of different types e. Rules on this vary considerably, however.

The focus of this four-year applied degree is on the development of analytical, quantitative, computing and communication skills.

Students learn how to apply the knowledge and principles of science to the understanding and management of the production, processing and marketing of agricultural products, and to the management and conservation of our natural resources.

All students undertake rural field trips and approved professional experience within agricultural or horticultural enterprises, natural resource management, agribusiness industries, or commercial or government organisations active in the field.

The Bachelor of Architecture BArch degree is a professional degree awarded to students who complete the five-year course of study in the field at some universities.

Many universities offer a BSc or BA majoring in architecture after the first three or four years, and then a post-graduate diploma, BArch or MArch for the following two to four years.

Originally, in the universities of Oxford , Cambridge and Dublin , all undergraduate degrees were in the faculty of arts, hence the name of the degree.

There are various undergraduate degrees in information technology incorporating programming, database design, software engineering, networks and information systems.

These programs prepare graduates for further postgraduate research degrees or for employment in a variety of roles in the information technology industry.

The program focus may be on the technical or theoretical aspects of the subject matter, depending on which course is taken. Some British universities give a bachelor's degree in science, or medical science, midway through the medical course, and most allow students to intercalate a year of more specialized study for an intercalated Bachelor of Science BSc , Bachelor of Medical Science BMedSc , or Bachelor of Medical Biology BMedBiol degree with honors.

Although notionally MB and BS are two degrees, they must be taken together. However, this third degree is an anachronism from the 19th century and is not registerable with the Irish Medical Council.

In the UK, these qualifications, while retaining the title of bachelor's degrees, are master's degree level qualifications.

Use of the courtesy title of doctor is attached to the profession of doctor or physician and is granted by registration, not by earning the qualifying degree.

Trainee doctors in the UK are allowed to use the title once they begin their training and receive provisional registration. The Canadian MD degree is, despite its name, classified as a bachelor's degree.

Dentistry is offered both as an undergraduate and a postgraduate course. In countries following the British model, the first degree in dentistry is the Bachelor of Dental Surgery , which is a master's degree level qualification in the UK.

Postgraduate courses such as the Bachelor of Dentistry BDent — awarded exclusively by the University of Sydney in Australia — require a previous bachelor's degree.

The Bachelor of Midwifery degree is a professional degree awarded to students who have complete a three- to five-year depending on the country course of study in midwifery.

Physiotherapy is offered both as an undergraduate and a graduate course of study. Studies leading to the Bachelor of Physiotherapy BPT degree usually constitute the undergraduate program.

In the graduate program, courses leading to a degree such as the Master of Physiotherapy degree are offered. In the Canadian province of Quebec , French universities offer both undergraduate and graduate courses leading to the procurement of a Bachelor of Science degree with a major in physiotherapy and a Master of Science degree specialized in physiotherapy.

Optometry is a four-year or five-year course. Although students graduate with a BSc after three years of study, passing a further supervised preregistration year is required to become a fully qualified optometrist.

The National Institute of Ophthalmic Sciences is among the post-secondary institutions that offer such programs. The Bachelor of Nursing degree is a three- to five-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for a career in nursing.

Often the degree is required to gain " registered nurse ", or equivalent, status—subject to completion of exams in the area of residence.

Sometimes, though, the degree is offered only to nurses who are already registered. Paramedicine is offered both as an undergraduate and a postgraduate course in some countries.

The United States does not require a degree for paramedicine practice. The Bachelor of Veterinary Science program is generally a five-year course of study that is required for becoming a veterinarian.

In the UK, this is a master's degree level qualification that retains the title of bachelor's for historical reasons. The Bachelor of Pharmacy BPharm degree is a common undergraduate degree for the practice of pharmacy.

In the United States, Canada , and France , however, all colleges of pharmacy have now phased out the degree in favor of the PharmD , or doctor of pharmacy , degree or the PhD, doctor of philosophy, degree in pharmacy.

However, the BScPSc degree does not qualify the recipient for the practice of pharmacy, for which students must earn a PharmD degree.

Public health is usually studied at the master's degree level. Australia is one of the few countries where studies in Public Health are available at undergraduate level.

The Bachelor of Science in Public Health BScPH degree is a four-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for careers in the public, private, or nonprofit sectors in areas such as public health, environmental health, health administration, epidemiology, or health policy and planning.

Some schools still offer it under the aegis of a School of Physical Education BPEd or BHPEd , although "kinesiology" or "human kinetics" is currently the more popularly accepted term for the discipline.

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics BSND , Bachelor of Food Science and Nutrition BFSN Specific areas of study include clinical nutrition, food technology, hospitality and services management, research, community worker, health care management, educator, sports science, agricultural sciences, private practice and other allied health fields.

The degree is awarded following four to six years of collegiate study in America average five years , from three to four in Europe and Australia.

In America especially Latin America , Nutrition per se is separated from Dietetics, where the latter is equivalent to a technical degree.

The Bachelor of Aviation BAv is awarded to students who complete a four-year course of study in the field of aviation. Traditionally the BD was a graduate degree rather than a first degree, and typically emphasised academic theology, biblical languages etc.

This has become a less common arrangement, but a BD takes precedence over a PhD in Cambridge University's order of seniority. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

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Save Word. Log In. Keep scrolling for more. First Known Use of bachelor Noun 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1 Adjective , in the meaning defined at sense 1.

The series revolves around a single bachelor who begins with a pool of romantic interests from whom he is expected to select a wife.

During the course of the season, the bachelor eliminates candidates see The elimination process each week eventually culminating in a marriage proposal to his final selection.

The participants travel to romantic and exotic locations for their dates, and the conflicts in the series, both internal and external, stem from the elimination-style format of the show.

The above description is simply a general guideline. In practice, the show does not always follow its designed structure, and those variations are often a source of drama and conflict.

They may include, among other events:. Season six was the only season to feature a twist in casting. Since producers could not decide between Byron Velvick and Jay Overbye for the next Bachelor, the 25 women at the time participating had to decide which bachelor would make the best husband.

At the end of the first episode, Velvick was chosen. Notable cases where the bachelor violated the premise of the show are Brad Womack , who selected neither of his final two women on his first season, [2] and Jason Mesnick , who broke off his engagement in the After the Final Rose episode and several months later proposed offscreen to the first runner-up Molly Malaney —who he later married.

Like Mesnick, Arie Luyendyk Jr. The Agoura Hills, California mansion became the primary residence for the contestants since the eleventh season though it was not used in seasons eight and nine, where they mainly shot in Paris and Rome , respectively.

On each Bachelor episode, the bachelor interacts with the women and presents a rose to each woman he wishes to remain on the show.

Those who do not receive a rose are eliminated. Eliminations are based upon the bachelor's personal feelings about each contestant, guided primarily by the impression made by each woman during dates or other events of the week.

Most roses are presented at a rose ceremony at the end of each episode, but roses can also be bestowed on dates.

However, if a contestant went on a 1 on 1 date with the Bachelor or Bachelorette, they have to receive a rose. If they do not receive one, then they will have to go home immediately.

Typical activities include:. If a rose is at stake on a date, the participating women pack their suitcases in case they fail to receive a rose.

The other women learn that a woman has been eliminated when that woman's suitcase is taken away by a crew member. A woman may withdraw from the competition at any time if she finds herself no longer interested in the bachelor.

On rare occasions, a woman is removed from the show for breaking one of the rules. The bachelor has wide discretion in choosing how many and when to present the roses.

For example, Sean Lowe presented several roses at his initial cocktail party. It is common to accuse a contestant of not being on the show "for the right reasons", meaning that her aim is not to establish a relationship with the bachelor, but rather to garner publicity for her own career, induce jealousy in an ex-boyfriend, become selected as the next Bachelorette , or simply to get free trips to exotic locations.

On February 26, , in an exclusive interview between The Bachelor season 13 contestant Megan Parris, and Steve Carbone, Megan commented that the producers edit the footage to create a fictional storyline:.

I don't think [the producers] showed any real conversation I had with anyone The viewers fail to realize that editing is what makes the show You'll hear someone make one comment and then they'll show a clip of somebody's face to make it look like that is their facial reaction to that statement, but really, somebody made that face the day before to something else.

It's just piecing things together to make a story. On March 26, , Megan Parris argued that not only was the show scripted, but that producers bullied contestants into saying things to the camera that contestants did not want to say.

On February 24, , during the taping of The Women Tell All episode of The Bachelor, a private conversation between contestant Courtney Robertson and a show producer went public when microphones were accidentally left on in between camera takes.

The conversation revealed the producer had a role as a coach, encouraging Robertson to fake certain emotions for the camera. The audience reactions for The Women Tell All episode are pre-recorded and inserted into the show later.

Carbone has denied that the source of the leaks are current contestants. The show has been criticized for stigmatizing virginity , thus reflecting the patriarchal masculinity stereotypes.

The show's success has led producer Mike Fleiss to create multiple spin-offs, including The Bachelorette , in which the format is gender-reversed.

The bachelorettes are eliminated contestants from The Bachelor. Season 11 of The Bachelorette had two bachelorettes but only for the first episode.

On August 4, , Bachelor in Paradise premiered, giving previous contestants of both The Bachelor and The Bachelorette the opportunity to compete for another chance in love in dating-themed eliminations.

The series went on to have a spin-off of its own, Bachelor in Paradise: After Paradise , which also serves as a spin-off to The Bachelor and it premiered on August 3, The fourth season of Bachelor in Paradise called into question about the future of its production following an issue of possible misconduct on the set.

The fourth season premiered on August 8, Two contestants, Corinne Olympios and DeMario Jackson were involved in an explicit sexual encounter in the pool during the filming of the show and were caught on tape.

A producer onset administered a complaint which stated either one or both contestants may have been too drunk to give proper consent for the sexual encounter.

This prompted Warner Bros. Production of the show was halted on June 11, and all contestants were asked to go home until further notice.

Allegations were made against both contestants about their intoxication and actions thereafter, but ended with broadcast statements from both contestants during a talk show that it was all a misunderstanding and the two have remained friends since the incident.

The show was given the green light to resume filming on June 21, ; neither Olympios nor Jackson returned to production. Rehn's vow-renewal ceremony upon her year anniversary was also broadcast.

Bachelor in Paradise season 2 couple Jade Roper and Tanner Tolbert's wedding was also broadcast as a television special in February On January 4, , Bachelor Live , a one-hour after show talk show premiered, hosted by Chris Harrison.

But then, the couple eventually parted ways in May 15, The series stars Haley and Emily Ferguson from season 20 of The Bachelor and showcases them "saying goodbye to the comfort and luxuries of living under their mom's roof and beginning the hilarious journey of figuring out life on their own while searching for independence and a new career.

The Bachelor Winter Games premiered on February 13, The show follows a similar premise to that of Bachelor in Paradise with a few twists.

One stand out twist is that the cast is made up of international contestants from The Bachelor franchise. All contestants participate in various winter sports in order to win a date card.

A local Bachelor would go through group date challenges and coveted one-on-ones with local ladies in the audience. Audience members and hosts would assist the Bachelor.

Ben Higgins and Becca Kufrin are slated to host the 63 stop tour starting in Mesa, Arizona on February 13, with the final stop in Austin, Texas, was scheduled on May 17, However due to the coronavirus pandemic , half of the shows have been postponed and they were rescheduled to January 24, in Cleveland, Ohio.

On February 18, , ABC announced another new spinoff titled The Bachelor Summer Games that was set to air alongside season 16 of The Bachelorette and before season 7 of Bachelor in Paradise as counter-programming to the Summer Olympics , however due to the coronavirus pandemic, it was announced on March 30, that the spin-off had been suspended and scrapped.

It premiered on June 8, The novelty of the show [] makes it a ripe target for parody. Ben Stiller produced a web spoof of the series entitled Burning Love.

The Fox network produced a show, Joe Millionaire , based on the premise that the bachelor was a millionaire heir, when in reality, he was not.

On June 1, , Lifetime began airing Unreal , a scripted drama about a producer who works on Everlasting , a fictional reality series similar to The Bachelor.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from The Bachelor U. TV series. American reality television series on ABC.

For other TV shows using this name or other uses, see Bachelor disambiguation. For the recently concluded season, see The Bachelor season He married the runner-up, Molly Malaney, and they are still together.

He married the runner-up, Lauren Burnham, and they are still together. He began a relationship with the fifth place finisher, Kelley Flanagan, and they are still together.

The second one-thirds aired in the regular time. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

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Retrieved April 26, CNN Entertainment. Berg Properties. Archived from the original on June 24, Retrieved January 3, Archived from the original on November 11, Retrieved November 10, Archived from the original on March 8, Retrieved March 7, Entertainment Weekly.

Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved September 10, Reality TV World. Retrieved February 28, Us Weekly.

December 2, Archived from the original on September 5, Retrieved June 29, April 27, Archived from the original on May 3, Archived from the original on February 18, Retrieved February 17, Which Couples Are Still Together?

Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved April 27, February 27, Archived from the original on May 2, Retrieved May 20, TV Guide.

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